Greek Minuscule


(script measurement)

Analyzing and measuring minuscule scripts has not received much attention. Want to determine if the same scribe wrote a New Testament document??


Click on the PDF icons, below to view cutting edge research, and observe a method for accurately determining if the same scribe wrote a document or a portion of a document, or numerous documents. [At the very bottom of this page is the charted results of measuring MSS 574 and 2400].

This introductory file explains my mensuration process. The file is a colorful PDF file packed with images, it is titled:


size: 2.5 MB


A companion file, which displays SCRIPT MENSURATION in action, and which complements the above file is:

Manuscripts 365 and 1319 Mensurated

a.k.a. Metrics_365_1319.pdf

size:4.4 MB


In the above, the reader will SEE two New Testament manuscripts, analyzed and compared with a third.


Below is a chart recording the readings/measurments taken from two manuscripts—minuscules 2400 and 574. They are members of Annemarie Weyl Carr's "Family 2400", a family related via artistic elements and style.* Dr. Carr does not comment upon the scripts of the two manuscripts–that is–she does not comment as to whether or not they are scripts by the same scribe. When the Chicago group worked with a smaller group of "Family 2400" manuscripts. Dr. E. C. Colwell declared that MSS 2400 and 574 were by the same scribe. [NOTE: THE FOUR GOSPELS OF KARAHISSAR, 1:6,7. Colwell and Willoughby. Chicago, 1936].

Carr has some color microfiche images at the rear of her great work –BYZANTINE ILLUMINATION 1150-1250: THE STUDY OF A PROVINCIAL TRADITION, 1987.–of MS 574 and 2400. MS 574 is currently in Leningrad as Lenigrad gr. 105. MS 2400 is in Chicago, as 965. According to the measurements of my metrics system, they are by the same scribe. One needs to beware; in 574 two hands exist, the primary hand is that which Colwell and I believe are the same hands. Measurements are taken only from this primary hand in 574.


  1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9
2400 96° 90° 2.17 88.3° 32.5° 2.10 117.8° 79.8° 80.8°
574 94.3° 91.7° 1.89 75.7° 29.5° 1.99 118.8° 75.9° 82.6°


The above tolerances are close enough for me to declare that via these 9 measurement features the same person wrote 2400 and most of MS 574. The chart only makes sense if you have downloaded and read the TWO pdf files above!!

* as mentioned the manuscripts which Carr examines, are related via their illuminations and styles. Some incidentally are by the same scribes. They are clearly related in that they were produced in a close time period (A.D. 1150-1250) some were also created in the same scriptoriums (basically in Judea and Cyprus). Some, incidentally, have similar text-types. It is apparent that–in the scriptoriums–scribes made numerous copies from a variety of exemplars. The relationships via text-types are merely incidental. Generally most reflect a Byzantine text-type with minor provincial alterations. To my knowledge, none are sister manuscripts from the same exemplar.

This page copyright protected, © 2006,

Mr. Gary S. Dykes

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